Hepatobiliary (Liver)

Blocked Bile Ducts -PTC

Ideal for patients who have conditions that cause blocked bile ducts:

  • inflammation of the pancreas or bile ducts
  • tumours – pancreatic cancer, gallbladder, bile duct, liver or enlarged lymph nodes due to a variety of different tumours
  • gallstones, either in the gallbladder or in the bile ducts
  • injury to the bile ducts during surgery
  • infection


  • No surgical incision is required – only a small nick in the skin that does not need to be stitched closed.
  • Additional risks of open surgery are avoided.
  • Shorter hospital stay than that of open surgery.
  • Recovery time is significantly shorter than open surgery.

TreatmentĀ of Liver Tumours

Liver tumours are a significant cause of mortality and morbidity. There are two types of liver tumours i.e. primary and secondary.
– A primary liver tumour arises from the liver tissue itself.
– A secondary liver tumour arises from a distant location and then spreads to the liver.

Some tumours may be resectable with open surgery.

Ideal for patients who:

  • have inoperable primary liver tumours
  • have inoperable secondary liver tumours
  • have tumour progression despite treatment
  • need a break between chemotherapy treatment


  • Treatment can be injected into the hepatic artery, directly targeting the liver tumour.
  • Minimises the effect on healthy liver tissue.
  • Decreases toxicity to the rest of the body.

How are liver tumours treated?:

  • Unresectable tumours can be treated with liver directed therapy.
  • Other treatment options include chemo-embolisation, radio-embolisation and portal vein embolisation.
"String of beads" appearance to right renal artery from Fibromuscular dysplasia: a cause of high blood pressure. The patient responded well to angioplasty